Sleepy Door Handles

For the last couple of weeks, I was noticing that my door handles did not move when I approached the car.  I thought it was a bit odd, and I would double click on the roof of the fob, and the door handles would move to the open position.

When you have a fob with you, the door handles by default “auto-present” knowing that you are in the vicinity.  You can change this behavior by changing the settings on the touchscreen.

I did not fret the first time this happened, but then it happened several times more.  So I looked through the settings and they were still set to “auto-present”.  After some web research, I found a hint of what could be the problem.  If you have a key fob close to or in your car, the car will remain unlocked at all times.

My first thought was that the “junk drawer” with the key fobs is not that close to the car.   I’ve also left the key fobs in there for 6 1/2 years now, so why would this behavior just change now?

The second possibility that the secondary key fob was actually IN the car.  I couldn’t find the 2nd key fob in the junk drawer.  But low and behold, the key fob was just sitting on the driver’s seat.

So technically someone could have easily stolen the car for the last couple of weeks.  But then again, they would have to have actually touched the door handle to open the door.  Even then, the car could easily be found through the Tesla app.

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Shipping Teslas

Have you ever wondered how Teslas leave the US and arrive in Europe and Asia?

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The Port of Oakland loads and discharges more than 99% of the containerized goods in Northern California, is the eighth busiest shipping port in the US, and is about 32 miles from the Tesla factory in Fremont, California.

But the Teslas are shipped through Pier 80 in San Francisco.

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I have a friend who lives in the neighborhood and reports that trucks are regularly bringing Teslas to the port.  You can’t enter into the port itself but you can see a lot of cars in the distance.

Someone earlier in the year took a video with a drone.

Pier 80 is very easy to reach as it is at the end of Cesar Chavez street, right of 280.

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Rapa Nui, Easter Island

For many years I’ve been utterly fascinated by Rapa Nui (or Easter Island as renamed by Jacob Roggeveen on Easter Sunday in 1722).  Rapa Nui is a far, remote, and very mysterious island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.

The famous writer Jared Diamond proposed the following questions about the inhabitants:

“What did the Easter Islander who cut down the last palm tree say while he was doing it?”

This February 2019, I spent five days on Easter Island exploring and thinking of the impact humans have on their environment.  Although this blog post is a bit unusual for someone who primarily writes about Teslas, I have never shied away from purely environmental subjects.  I also found in my previous research limited and outdated practical travel information about visiting Rapa Nui.  

I’ll divide the post into two sections.  The first section discusses the mysteries around the statues, and potential lessons for our planet.  The second section concerns simply practical concerns for travelers in 2019 that differs from other info that I found on the web.  I do not claim to be an expert on either subject, and I hope my information and personal theories have some accuracy, are somewhat useful, or at least inspires thought.

Easter Island Mysteries

  1. Why did the local population carve the Moai (pronounced mow-eye)?
  2. How did they move the statues from the quarry to the numerous locations throughout the island?
  3. Did the local population have any trade or contact with other people prior to the arrival of Jacob Roggeveen in 1722?
  4. Why was the population reduced from an estimate of 3,000 to 30,000 people to only 111?
  5. Why are there so few trees on the island and how has that impacted the inhabitants?
  6. What lessons can we learn from Easter Island in the era of climate change?

Motivation for Carving the Statues

Mana is a Polynesian concept of the spiritual power that each person has along with animals and inanimate objects – including the bones of a deceased person.  People are historically cremated or buried near their home not in public cemeteries.  Clan chiefs on Rapanui had large public squares and were buried under platforms called ahus along one side of the square facing inland.  The moai were placed on top of the ahu, looking at the clan, protecting the clan, and facing away from the ocean.

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The moai are quite large and up to 40 feet tall in height and 75 tons in weight.  Some statues also had a pukao or top knot.  The top knots were made of a different volcanic material. 

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The statues were all carved in one quarry located in the western side of the island, the pukao we carved from a separate quarry on the eastern side of the island about 6 miles away as the crow flies.  The island has 64 square miles and 3 dominate volcanic mountains.  Unlike many of the smaller islands in the South Pacific, Rapanui has a considerable amount undulating land and some flat areas.

On the map below, the large black spots represent the locations of the ahu and moai, which are located primarily on the coast.

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Around 1,000 statues exist on the island, 400 are still in the quarry itself.  The earliest statues were a manageable size.  As time went on, the statues got bigger.  Important clan chiefs ordered the statues before they died, and they were all carved from the same quarry that was controlled by one of the 10 major clans.

The original intention was to honor the important people on the island, but there also appears to be a second motivation of status and competition.   The statues got much larger over time.  So this part of the motivation could a combination of friendly competition or simply a way to impress others.

When Roggeveen visited the island, the moai that they saw were apparently all standing, while Cook arrived fifty two years later and noted that some, but not all, had been toppled.  1838 was the final year in which any outside visitor recorded seeing an upright moai. 

The oral traditions of the locals recount a period of warfare that included sheltering in caves and cannibalism, which was another way to capture manna. The moai were toppled by competing clans, and not by any natural disasters.   The moai that you can see upright today were all raised back onto their platforms since 1955.

Moving the Statues

Various people have had different theories for how the statues were moved across the island.  They weigh up to 150,000 pounds, and traveled across the island up and down slopes. The Rapanui people said that the statues walked. Terry Hunt and Carl Lipo ran an experiment to show how the statues could be walked quite easily.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YpNuh-J5IgE

The statues were also shaped in a variety of ways that enabled walking.

  1. The statues were shaped with a center of gravity slightly forward.
  2. The bottom of the statues were not flat, but cut on an angle.
  3. The statues in the quarry had wider bases than those on the ahus.
  4. The eyes were not finished until they were at their final location, so ropes could be tied to the top of the statue.

Trade

Rapanui is a very isolated island.  It takes five hours by plane from Santiago, Cuba.  By boat it is another 1,250 miles to the west to to Pitcairn Island, another remote island in the South Pacific.  Pitcairn also had a native population but they either also died out or moved away before the Bounty arrived.  The mutineers of the Bounty settled in Pitcairn and burned their boat.  Unfortunately this “paradise” has no airstrip and recently has had a problem with child molestation.

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The original settlers came further away than Pitcairn, most likely from Mangareva or the Marquesas islands, which are 2,000 miles away.

Due to its very remote isolation, no regular trade occurred with other populations.  Heyerdhal proposed that there was contact with South America because the one of the stone walls resembled the walls the Inca built.  But this these walls only have similarities on the surface.  The Inca walls are very large, and the stones are deep.  The walls on the island are simply veneers and not very elaborate.

Trees, rats, boat building and food sources

One of the mysteries is what happened to the trees.  The island originally had a forested cover of endemic palms and a few other trees.  This palm was extremely slow growing, and its fruit was likely not edible.  Also palm trees are not good for building boats.

Jared Diamond’s theory that they used up all the trees to transport the statues is not very viable since walking the statues has an oral legacy and can be demonstrated.

Klein emphasizes that the original settlers brought rats with them to the island.  The rats could have been a food source or possibly a stowaway on the original boats.  His theory is that the rats ate through all the palm seeds.  The problem with the rat theory is that there are hundreds of other, Polynesian islands with both rats and palm trees.

Archeologists also found evidence of farming in clever ways.  They used rocks for some fertilization and some rock walls for wind breaks to save on water.  The soil on Rapa Nui is volcanic in origin, but locals farm there today successfully without importing fertilizer.

Population Decline

In 1722, the Dutch captain Jacob Roggeveen estimated that 3,000 people lived on Rapanui.  Roggeveen said the people had plenty of food and shared it with his crew.   Clan warfare started after the arrival of white men, and lives were lost.  

But the biggest impact of the population decline was the introduction of smallpox and plague that the locals had no defense against.

In 1862, Peru came to Easter Island and took 1,500 people as slaves with only a few eventually to return. In 1876, a Frenchman Jean Baptise Dutrou-Bornier turned the island into a sheep colony and moved 275 of the remaining islanders to Tahiti.  By 1883, only 111 people were living on Rapanui.  The locals were confined to the living only in Hanga Roa till the 1960s.

A Story of Environmental Collapse?

Is Easter Island a story of environmental collapse popularized by Jared Diamond?  

For me, the answer is probably somewhat true.  Serious deforestation occurred on Easter Island, and also on Pitcairn and Mangareva.  These very small islands are self sustaining for a period of time, but if the population grows too much, the resources can be used up after several generations.

The environmental decline was both the destruction of the forest but also five endemic land birds.  The societal collapse and population reduction to only 111 had other contributing factors including civil wars, cannibalism, and slavery.

Lessons

Like the Rapa Nui, people today often still focus on status symbols such as big fancy cars, houses, jewelry and clothing.  In some cases, this consumption uses up a lot of resources, which are limited on our planet.  But a secondary concern is that while people can be so focused on out doing each other, we can forget that our resources are limited.

Renewables on Easter Island

I did see a couple of solar installations and a solar company, but the island primarily runs on diesel.  Electric cars if they were very rugged 4WD vehicles would work fine due to the small area.  The local population is not wealthy, and putting money into renewables like solar is not a high priority.  These kind of communities will need to most likely generate renewable energy through government not individual efforts.

Sustainable Tourism

I think Eco tourism is an oxymoron.  Travel uses up a significant amount of resources.  But travel to some extent is also important for humans to understand other cultures in order to have a deeper understanding of the world.

I reconcile my travel by limiting my travel to one long trip annually and buying carbon offsets for the trip from Native Energy, which is recommended by the Sierra Club.

Practical Matters

Access

The vast majority of travelers fly in from Santiago, Chile.  At the date of this post, a once a week flight is available also from Tahiti.  You can sail yourself to Easter Island, but only 15 different ships with paid passengers arrive per year.

Cell Service

Before I went, I read that the island has limited cell service.  So I opted not to get a Chilean SIM card or an international data plan.  Much to my chagrin, the cell service on the island was quite good, in several remote locations I heard cell phones ring.  I even found some Chileans who used it to find a remote cave.  Wi-fi is rarely available primarily only in lobby areas of hotels, so I really wish I had bought a SIM card.

Lodging

Easter Island has a couple of high end lodges that run about $1,000 a night all inclusive.  The locals continue to protest against one of the two lodges because of a long standing issue with the Chilean government.  The island also has a few mid range lodging options, but when I booked over six months in advance, none of them had any availability.  The majority of lodging is very simple.  The place I stayed if in the US would probably be a one or no star hotel. The rooms in my facility had no internet, TV, or air conditioning.

National Park Pass

To visit most of the archeological sites, you will need to buy a National Park Pass that costs $80 and lasts for 10 days.  You can buy one at the airport before picking up your luggage with a credit card.

Money

Many reports on the internet state that cash is the preferred method of paying for services.  But in 2019, I found that almost everyone accepted credit cards: lodging, rental cars, restaurants, and most merchants.  Having a small amount of Chilean pesos, US dollars, or Euros in small denominations is useful to have in your pocket.

Transportation on the Island

To see the island you have really three main options.  Join a group tour, hire a private guide and driver, or see the sights on your own by driving around.  An effective group tour should limit the number of clients to around 10 people, or it will be difficult to hear the guide’s explanations.  Having different guides on different days is a great idea as you will get different answers (theories) to your questions.

A private tour is going to be more expensive but you will have the ability to spend your time as you please.  Driving a car on your own is very feasible.  All cars on the road are 4WD stick shift vehicles.  The roads are a mix of paved and dirt roads, but are very uneven.  I ended up spending two days with group tours, and I drove around the island for 2 full days.

Scooters and motorcycles are also available to rent, but require a motorcycle license.  A very limited number of ATVs are available also.  The vehicles are not in pristine shape, and you will have to pay for any additional damage out of your pocket as you cannot get insurance.

The speed limit on the island varies quite a bit.  In town where the vast majority of people live, the speed limit is 30kmH, but outside of town there are speed limit signs up to 60kmH.

Bicycles are available to rent.  The roads are reasonable for biking but have a fair amount of traffic.  The distances are relatively long between sites, so bike touring is not particularly feasible unless you have several days.

Food

The restaurants had good food, mostly fish, and the flavors were not particularly interesting or spicy.  They would include a 10% tip, and when paying with a credit card asked if you were okay with that amount.

Art Galleries

Throughout Hanga Roa  and other locations you will be able to purchase small souvenirs such as statues and t-shirts.  The island also has three art galleries.  Mana Gallery focuses on local artists, and nearby is a local artist who sells his detailed wood carvings.  Amaya Gallery is a local painter who works in her own gallery.  The artisan market right near the church has a good selection and range of souvenirs.

Conclusion

I have no conclusion, only questions.

  • What really happened on Rapa Nui?
  • Have we and are we taking care of our planet?
  • Are we living in a sustainable fashion for our current population?
  • What constitutes paradise?

I wish the Moai could tell us.

Further Reading

I only recommend Easter Island as a destination if you find the mysteries truly fascinating and are willing to put up with some discomfort.  In that case you will definitely want to read up before your trip.

Exploring the Mysteries of the Island

Jared Diamond, Collapse

The Statues that Walked, Terry Hunt

Guide Book

A Companion Guide to Easter Island, James Grant-Peterkin

Island Overview (young adult style book)

  – you will find these and others in a public library for good overview of the island

The Lost World of Easter Island, Ronald A Reis

Easter Island, Michael Capek

Historical Fiction

Easter Island, Jennifer Vanderbees

 

10 Years of Tesla

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I’ve just reached my 10 year anniversary of driving a Tesla.  I’ve driven around 142,000 miles of electric driving powering the car through solar panels on my roof.  The panels have been on the roof for 11 years and several years ago completely returned in electricity savings the original upfront costs.

I drive my Tesla around town, on long trips, and even across country.  I have charged at 119 unique supercharger locations.

I couldn’t imagine going back to driving an ICE vehicle on a regular basis.

I’ve written 305 posts, 1,820 tweets, and had 184,484 unique visitors to my little blog.

Just a simple celebration, and a photo of my first Tesla:

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New Home Charging System

Just after I returned home with a new set of tires, my charging system failed.  If I plugged the connector inIMG_7072 I got an orange light at the charge port.  I plugged it in several times to no success. 

I’ve been charging on an odd system.  The original Roadster home charger connected to a Roadster to Model S cable.   The pricey orange connector costs $600 and failed several years ago – fortunately just days before its warranty expired.  These orange cables are no longer listed on the Tesla website, but I suspected this was the problem. 

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After a little more investigation, you can see that the pin to the right is a bit off center.  In reality the pin is quite loose, and moves around to the touch.

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I have been charging the car with 110 while waiting for an electrician to visit.  My first answer was to simply replace the Roadster system with a 220 outlet.  I knew I had 220 already in the garage feeding the Roadster outlet.  So I assumed this was an easy swap out. 

Unfortunately, the initial electrician DID NOT save the neutral wire.  They cut it off!  There was not enough space, so they just sliced it off.  So the simple 220 solution would not work as they would need a neutral wire to put in a conventional outlet, as many other devices need the ground wire. 

Fortunately, the Tesla wall charger does not require a neutral.  So I had two options according to the Tesla certified installer:

  1. Rewire this line with a new cable, which was not going to be cheap.  The line itself is very long.  Pay for both a very long new electrical cable and installation.  Or they could on both sides of the long wire patch in something to the cut off ground wire.
  2. Swap in a Tesla home charger.

Either option ended up being the same price, because of the cost of rewiring the house would in a sense pay for the Wall Charger.  Hourly electrician rates are very pricey here, and I’m well a terrible negotiator.  The Tesla Wall Charger has three advantages:  a separate cable other than my mobile charging cable – which I like to have in the car “just in case”, a longer cable which would be helpful in my large garage, and faster charging (not required but convenient).

Fixing the house wiring has the advantage of less technology always means less problems, and perhaps more stable in the long run.  But I decided the convenience of a charger slightly outweighed that difference.

If I had known ahead of time that the first electrician made a mess of this, I would have saved money and ordered the Tesla Wall Connector myself and then the electrician would have charged me a lot less labor time.

If anyone has a use for old but functioning Roadster chargers I now have two.  The one I used for many years, and one that they delivered to me with the car but I never touched and is still in  the original box.

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New Hankook Tires

Thank you to those who helped me make a decision on new tires for my 19” rims.  I decided to go with the Hankook tires.  

There were an abundance of reasons:

  1. None of the tires I have owned on the car overwhelmed me with being fantastic in handling or longevity.
  2. Tesla seriously considered Hankook to be the tires for the Model 3.
  3. Only one tire, the Michelin Primacy had the hope of getting more mileage out of my car.  They cost significantly more with a 45,000 mile warranty.  But I thought it would be likely the same price in the end as I know I’d never get that kind of mileage.  Warranties can often be a hassle.pricing.jpg
  4. The tire rack reviews for the Hankook seem fine.  California (except for a few months) does not get very much rain, so my performance focus was for dry pavement which the Hankook results are very close to the Michelins.reviews.jpg
  5. A strong endorsement from a responder to my last post.
  6. My local installer thinks Hankook is a good brand and puts them on a fair amount of other cars.
  7. Why not give this brand a try.

I am going to try to be more diligent about checking my tire pressure.  I have to do it manually as my Model S is six years old.

Need New Tires – 23,000 on 19’s

My car is approaching 88,000 miles and I knew it was time to have my tires rotated at a minimum.  My local tire mechanic unfortunately gave me the bad news that I need 4 new tires.  He said the tires were close to bald on the inside, but safe enough to drive for another week or two.

My car has had gone through a lot of tires.  This set will be the 5th set of tires along with two tires that were replaced because they had dangerous leaks, and two simpler nail repairs.

At 65,000 miles, I decided to change the 21” rims for 19” rims at a net cost of $985.  The price was so reasonable because Tesla gave me a 50% goodwill discount.  The car had been earlier plagued by horrific toe issues.  I still get more inside wear on the tires, but the wear is not anywhere as near as severe as in years past.  The good news is I have no curb rash on my 19″ rims, and the alignment has remained steady.

When I had 21” wheels, the four tire sets averaged 16,400 miles each.  This new set of tires with the 19” wheels has lasted me 23,000 miles.  I was hoping for more mileage, and I still cannot fathom that other owners can have tires that last 50,000 miles!  

I don’t drive particularly aggressively, or maybe I do and am unaware that others accelerate very gently???  The only thing that is perhaps unusual is the slope of the streets in the neighborhood is quite severe and very difficult to ride a bike up.  I have a close neighbor who just got a Model 3, so I’ll watch with keen interest when he needs new tires.

What is the most long lasting tire for the 19” rims?  The Michelin Pilot Sport 3 ($218)? Michelin Primacy MXM4 with a 45,000 mile warranty ($218)?  Yokohama Avid Ascend GT ($196)? Goodyear Eagle RS-A2 ($140)?  

Any advice is very appreciated!